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KWS Wine Glossary

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Phrase used for dry Champagne or sparkling wine. Brut is the driest wine. Other terms on the scale from driest to sweetest are: Extra Brut, Brut, Extra Dry, Sec, Demi Sec and Doux.
Indicates the aroma or rich flavor and smoothness of texture, somewhat akin to the oiliness and flavor of melted butter. More often refers to oak-aged white wines than reds- many Chardonnays and white Burgundies are said to have buttery aromas and flavors.
The metal or plastic protective film that surrounds the top the bottle. It should be removed prior to pulling out the cork.
Spanish term for sparkling wine.
Thick, full-bodied and usually tannic wines that are extremely rich in texture are refered to as chewys if one needs to chew it before swallowing.
A wine with simple flavors or one that is well integrated.
Usually young, concentrated, undeveloped wines that are tight in aroma and flavor.
Term that describes wine that is rough or harsh in flavor with excessive tannins or oak.
A fusion of aroma, flavor, depth and richness that are revealed while drinking great wines.
Wines that are dull, heavy and exhibit stewed flavor. Usually cause by excessive exposure of wine to the heat.
Corked, corky
Wine that is defective with unpleasant flavor and aroma. Usually the cork will smell like mold and is caused by a defective cork.
Spanish quality classification which requires the producers to age their red wines for two years and white wines for six months.
Wines that posses the characteristic of elevated acidity, refreshing, bright, brisk and nice finish.
Translated growth or vineyard from French, this term is customarily used in quality classification.
A distinct lot of wine. Used to distinguish blends and special bottling.
A technique, which removes sediment from wine and allows the wine to open up by exposing it to oxygen.
Wine which exhibits complexity and layers of flavors that unfold on the palate and with aeration.
Wines that have characteristic of light to medium fragrance, flavor, and body.
Means 'half-dry'. It defines the sweetness level in Champagne. Demi-Sec wines are usually sweet to medium sweet.
DOC (Denominazione D'origine Controllata)
The Italian system for defining wine regions and wine names. In addition, the D.O.C.G. (Denominazione d'Origine Controllata Garantita) covers regions willing to submit their wines to tougher requirements, including tasting approval.
DOCa (Denomination De Origen Calificada)
Spain's highest quality classification. Created in the early 1990s, Rioja is the sole region awarded DOCa status.
Term for sweetest Champagne or sparkling wine.
Quite a subjective measure of sugar levels in wine. Dry wines have the lowest sugar levels
Tasting term for wines that are too young, too cold or have not developed yet, therefor not revealing flavor or aroma.
Smell suggestive of soil and earth. In small amounts it is appealing, but too much of it can make the wine too coarse.
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Wine 101