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KWS Wine Glossary

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Time that the grapes are picked. Usually September through October in the northern hemisphere. March through April in the southern hemisphere.
High in alcohol.
An area of land equivalent to 10,000 square meters or 2.47 acres.
Aromas reminiscent of herbs in wine. A characteristic of wines such as Sauvignon Blanc and Merlot.
IGT or Indicazione Geografica Tipica
Italian quality classification. This classification is specific and typical to a region. IGT is one level above the base category.
Intensity relates to appearance and aroma. When evaluating appearance, intensity describes the concentration of color. Prevalent descriptors for color intensity are pale, medium or dark. For purposes of evaluating aroma and flavor, the more pronounced or evident the characteristic, the more intense the wine.
Interweaving of subtle complexities of aroma and flavor.
Jug Wine
American term for inexpensive, ordinary wines sold in half-gallon or gallon jug bottles. Associated with lower quality wines.
Late Harvest
Sweeter wines. Indicates that a wine was made from grapes picked later and at a higher sugar level than normal.
The viscous droplets that run down the side of the glass after swirling it. Pronounced legs are indicators of higher levels of alcohol content.
The length of time that taste persist after swallowing or spitting the wine. Lingering aftertaste.
Wines with characteristics of freshness, crispness, fruit and some acidity.
Fine wines should have a long finish, or aftertaste- see Length.
Rich, opulent, and smooth- most often said of sweet wines but also intensely fruity ones.
Wine with amber color that has been oxidized. It can also refer to wine such as dessert style wines such as Madeira.
A large format bottle that holds 1.5 liters.
Fully developed, ready to drink. At this stage the wine will not gain any additional complexity.
A wine that is full bodied, concentrated and chewy. Attributes of wines such as Syrah and Nebbiolo.
Describing wine with stale, moldy or mildewy smell.
Merchant that produces wine under its own label from wine or grapes bought from others. Negociant usually oversees the production process.
A forest in France that produces hard, medium-grained oak for barrels.
New World
Refers to countries that wine production started in recent history. Includes producers from the following countries: USA, Australian, Argentina, New Zealand, Chile, and South Africa.
Classic grape varieties that are used to produce the world's finest wines: Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Merlot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Riesling, Nebbiolo, Tempranillo and Sangiovese are some of the best known 'noble' grapes.
Non Vintage
Wine that is blended using grapes from different years.
The smell of the wine. Also called aroma or bouquet.
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Wine 101