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KWS Wine Glossary

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Harvest
Time that the grapes are picked. Usually September through October in the northern hemisphere. March through April in the southern hemisphere.
Heady
High in alcohol.
Hectare
An area of land equivalent to 10,000 square meters or 2.47 acres.
Herbaceous
Aromas reminiscent of herbs in wine. A characteristic of wines such as Sauvignon Blanc and Merlot.
IGT or Indicazione Geografica Tipica
Italian quality classification. This classification is specific and typical to a region. IGT is one level above the base category.
Intensity
Intensity relates to appearance and aroma. When evaluating appearance, intensity describes the concentration of color. Prevalent descriptors for color intensity are pale, medium or dark. For purposes of evaluating aroma and flavor, the more pronounced or evident the characteristic, the more intense the wine.
Intricate
Interweaving of subtle complexities of aroma and flavor.
Jug Wine
American term for inexpensive, ordinary wines sold in half-gallon or gallon jug bottles. Associated with lower quality wines.
Late Harvest
Sweeter wines. Indicates that a wine was made from grapes picked later and at a higher sugar level than normal.
Legs
The viscous droplets that run down the side of the glass after swirling it. Pronounced legs are indicators of higher levels of alcohol content.
Length
The length of time that taste persist after swallowing or spitting the wine. Lingering aftertaste.
Lively
Wines with characteristics of freshness, crispness, fruit and some acidity.
Long
Fine wines should have a long finish, or aftertaste- see Length.
Luscious
Rich, opulent, and smooth- most often said of sweet wines but also intensely fruity ones.
Maderized
Wine with amber color that has been oxidized. It can also refer to wine such as dessert style wines such as Madeira.
Magnum
A large format bottle that holds 1.5 liters.
Mature
Fully developed, ready to drink. At this stage the wine will not gain any additional complexity.
Meaty
A wine that is full bodied, concentrated and chewy. Attributes of wines such as Syrah and Nebbiolo.
Musty
Describing wine with stale, moldy or mildewy smell.
Negociant
Merchant that produces wine under its own label from wine or grapes bought from others. Negociant usually oversees the production process.
Nevers
A forest in France that produces hard, medium-grained oak for barrels.
New World
Refers to countries that wine production started in recent history. Includes producers from the following countries: USA, Australian, Argentina, New Zealand, Chile, and South Africa.
Noble
Classic grape varieties that are used to produce the world's finest wines: Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Merlot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Riesling, Nebbiolo, Tempranillo and Sangiovese are some of the best known 'noble' grapes.
Non Vintage
Wine that is blended using grapes from different years.
Nose
The smell of the wine. Also called aroma or bouquet.
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Wine 101