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KWS Wine Glossary

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Eiswein
Wine made from grapes that were left on the vines until they are frozen. The wine is very sweet and high in acidity. Eiswein is an official German classification- similar wines from other regions are called icewine.
Elegant
Wines that are balanced, refined character, harmonious and distinguished quality.
Enology
The science and study of and winemaking. Also spelled oenology.
Estate-Bottled
Indicates that the producer controls the source of the grapes by directly growing them.
Esters
Chemical compound found in food and wine which is responsible for aroma and flavor.
Extra Dry
Term which is mostly confused by consumers. It indicates that the Champagne is not quite dry and is actually slightly sweet. It is less dry than Brut.
Fat
Full of body, high alcohol and flavor- gives a fleshy impression on the palate.
Fermentation
The process in which yeast metabolizes grapes sugars, producing alcohol and carbon dioxide and transforming grape juice into wine.
Finish
An impression the wine leaves after swallowing or spitting. In general, longer finish is associated with better wine.
Flat
Wine that lacks acidity. It is usually dull in flavor and unbalanced.
Flavor
Scents and esters that indicate how the wine tastes.
Fleshy
Sensation of the wine on the palate that reminds the drinker of the fleshy fatness of fruit such as plum
Flinty
A description of dry, mineral character that comes from certain soils, generally limestone. Usually associated with wines such as Sauvignon Blanc.
Flowery
Aromas reminiscent of flowers. Usually a characteristic of white wines.
Foxy
The unique muskey, grapey character of wines made from native American grapes, Vitis labrusca.
Fruity
Wine characterized by pleasant aroma and flavor.
Full-bodied
A rich, full proportion of flavor and alcohol wine with sensation of mass.
Geographical Indication
Australia's hierarchy of appellations.
Glycerin
Produced during fermentation, glycerin contributes to the wine's body.
Grand Cru
Means great site in French. Refers to the highest level of production.
Green
A wine made from unripe grapes that is tart and lacking fruit flavor.
Grip
Firmness of flavor and structure.
Hard
Wine which is undeveloped, with pronounced tannins and acidity.
Harmonious
All elements fruit, acid, and tannin create a perfect balance.
Harsh
Wines that are tannic, rough, and high in alcohol.
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Wine 101